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Paid parental leave and families’ living arrangements

Cygan-Rehm, Kamila, Daniel Kuehnle and Regina Riphahn ()

Labour Economics, 2018, vol. 53, issue C, 182-197

Abstract: We examine how a paid parental leave reform causally affected families’ living arrangements. The German reform we examine replaced a means-tested benefit with a universal transfer paid out for a shorter period. Combining a regression discontinuity with a difference-in-differences design, we find that the reform increased the probability that a newborn lives with non-married cohabiting parents. This effect results from a reduced risk of single parenthood among women who gained from the reform. We reject the economic independence hypothesis and argue that the reform effects for those who benefited from the reform are consistent with hypotheses related to the improved financial situation of new mothers after the reform and increased paternal involvement in childcare.

Keywords: Parental leave; Living arrangements; Marriage; Cohabitation; Single motherhood; Child well-being; Early childhood (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J12 J13 J18 I30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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