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Melting pot kindergarten: The effect of linguistic diversity in early education

Hendrik Jürges, Anna M. Makles, Arash Naghavi and Kerstin Schneider

Labour Economics, 2022, vol. 75, issue C

Abstract: Estimating the effect of linguistic diversity in kindergartens and schools on child development is challenging due to the endogeneity of the language spoken at home and self-selection. We employ an instrumental variables approach to address the former and accounted for self-selection by exploiting the variation in linguistic diversity across cohorts within kindergartens. The estimated causal effects of linguistic diversity are heterogeneous: There is a small negative but statistically significant effect on the development of German children, which is mainly driven by a detrimental effect on the language skills of German speakers, but there is no effect on non-German speakers.

Keywords: Peer effects; Linguistic diversity; Child development; Early education; Instrumental variable (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I24 J15 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.labeco.2022.102119

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