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Grading bias and the leaky pipeline in economics: Evidence from Stockholm University

Joakim Jansson () and Björn Tyrefors

Labour Economics, 2022, vol. 78, issue C

Abstract: We estimate a substantial female grade gain when being graded anonymously compared to male students in 101-macroeconomics courses. Females graded anonymously are more likely to continue with economics studies. This suggests that biased grading is a direct cause of the “leaky pipeline” phenomenon in economics. As male graders are the majority, we complement our analysis and evaluate the importance of same-sex bias using random assignment of graders. Although, we estimate a substantial same-sex bias before anonymous exams were introduced, it cannot explain the overall effect of grading bias. Thus, same-sex bias is not the mechanism explaining the overall effect of grading bias.

Keywords: Grading bias; Teaching of economics; Discrimination; Education; Anonymous grading; Same-sex bias (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: A22 I23 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:labeco:v:78:y:2022:i:c:s0927537122001038

DOI: 10.1016/j.labeco.2022.102212

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