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Efficiency and equity of rural land markets and the impact on income: Evidence in Kenya and Uganda from 2003 to 2015

Yoko Kijima () and Rayner Tabetando ()

Land Use Policy, 2020, vol. 91, issue C

Abstract: This study examines the evolution of land sales and rental markets and their impact on agricultural efficiency in rural Kenya and Uganda using panel data spanning over 10 years. Both countries show that land markets induce efficiency by transferring land to households with higher farming ability. In both countries, land markets enhance equity by transferring land from land-abundant to land-constrained households. Although renting in land increases crop income in Kenya, we find no evidence that it enables households to escape from poverty. In contrast, increase in owned land helped decrease poverty in Uganda. Parcel-level analysis reveals that rented-in land and owned land differ in productivity levels and crop choice. These findings point to the potential weaknesses in the land markets in Kenya and Uganda that impede their ability to contribute to poverty alleviation.

Keywords: Land markets; Agriculture; Poverty; Uganda; Kenya (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 O12 Q15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Working Paper: Efficiency and Equity of Rural Land Markets and the Impact on Income: Evidence in Kenya and Uganda from 2003 to 2015 (2019) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104416

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