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Random matrix theory analysis of cross-correlations in the US stock market: Evidence from Pearson’s correlation coefficient and detrended cross-correlation coefficient

Gang-Jin Wang, Chi Xie, Shou Chen, Jiao-Jiao Yang and Ming-Yan Yang

Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 2013, vol. 392, issue 17, 3715-3730

Abstract: In this study, we first build two empirical cross-correlation matrices in the US stock market by two different methods, namely the Pearson’s correlation coefficient and the detrended cross-correlation coefficient (DCCA coefficient). Then, combining the two matrices with the method of random matrix theory (RMT), we mainly investigate the statistical properties of cross-correlations in the US stock market. We choose the daily closing prices of 462 constituent stocks of S&P 500 index as the research objects and select the sample data from January 3, 2005 to August 31, 2012. In the empirical analysis, we examine the statistical properties of cross-correlation coefficients, the distribution of eigenvalues, the distribution of eigenvector components, and the inverse participation ratio. From the two methods, we find some new results of the cross-correlations in the US stock market in our study, which are different from the conclusions reached by previous studies. The empirical cross-correlation matrices constructed by the DCCA coefficient show several interesting properties at different time scales in the US stock market, which are useful to the risk management and optimal portfolio selection, especially to the diversity of the asset portfolio. It will be an interesting and meaningful work to find the theoretical eigenvalue distribution of a completely random matrix R for the DCCA coefficient because it does not obey the Marčenko–Pastur distribution.

Keywords: Econophysics; Random matrix theory; Cross-correlations; Detrended Cross-correlation coefficient; Pearson’s correlation coefficient; US stock market (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2013.04.027

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