Do trend extraction approaches affect causality detection in climate change studies?
Zinnia Mukherjee () and
Rangan Gupta ()
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 2017, vol. 469, issue C, 604-624
Various scientific studies have investigated the causal link between solar activity (SS) and the earth’s temperature (GT). Results from literature indicate that both the detected structural breaks and existing trend have significant effects on the causality detection outcomes. In this paper, we make a contribution to this literature by evaluating and comparing seven trend extraction methods covering various aspects of trend extraction studies to date. In addition, we extend previous work by using Convergent Cross Mapping (CCM) - an advanced non-parametric causality detection technique to provide evidence on the effect of existing trend in global temperature on the causality detection outcome. This paper illustrates the use of a method to find the most reliable trend extraction approach for data preprocessing, as well as provides detailed analyses of the causality detection of each component by this approach to achieve a better understanding of the causal link between SS and GT. Furthermore, the corresponding CCM results indicate increasing significance of causal effect from SS to GT since 1880 to recent years, which provide solid evidences that may contribute on explaining the escalating global tendency of warming up recent decades.
Keywords: Trend extraction approaches; Causality detection; Convergent Cross Mapping; Sunspot number; Global temperature; Singular Spectrum Analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only. Journal offers the option of making the article available online on Science direct for a fee of $3,000
Working Paper: Do Trend Extraction Approaches Affect Causality Detection in Climate Change Studies? (2016)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:469:y:2017:i:c:p:604-624
Access Statistics for this article
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications is currently edited by K. A. Dawson, J. O. Indekeu, H.E. Stanley and C. Tsallis
More articles in Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().