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Modeling stochastic frontier based on vine copulas

Michel Constantino, Osvaldo Candido, Benjamin Tabak () and Reginaldo Brito da Costa

Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 2017, vol. 486, issue C, 595-609

Abstract: This article models a production function and analyzes the technical efficiency of listed companies in the United States, Germany and England between 2005 and 2012 based on the vine copula approach. Traditional estimates of the stochastic frontier assume that data is multivariate normally distributed and there is no source of asymmetry. The proposed method based on vine copulas allow us to explore different types of asymmetry and multivariate distribution. Using data on product, capital and labor, we measure the relative efficiency of the vine production function and estimate the coefficient used in the stochastic frontier literature for comparison purposes. This production vine copula predicts the value added by firms with given capital and labor in a probabilistic way. It thereby stands in sharp contrast to the production function, where the output of firms is completely deterministic. The results show that, on average, S&P500 companies are more efficient than companies listed in England and Germany, which presented similar average efficiency coefficients. For comparative purposes, the traditional stochastic frontier was estimated and the results showed discrepancies between the coefficients obtained by the application of the two methods, traditional and frontier-vine, opening new paths of non-linear research.

Keywords: Vine copulas; Function production; Efficiency; Stochastic frontier; Econophysics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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