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The impact of climate change skepticism on adaptation in a market economy

Matthew Kahn () and Daxuan Zhao ()

Research in Economics, 2018, vol. 72, issue 2, 251-262

Abstract: Climate change will increase the risk of temperature extremes. Induced innovation could offset some of this threat. This paper explores the demand and supply for climate adaptation innovation in a market economy. Such innovation attenuates the past relationship between the population death rate and extreme heat. Climate change induces this innovation because the rising temperatures increase demand for self protection products and for profit firms respond to these incentives. We then augment the model to introduce “climate skeptics”. Such skeptics reject the claim that the world’s average temperature is rising and thus do not increasingly demand adaptation products. In an economy featuring no government to enact optimal taxation, we quantify how rational agents are affected by the presence of climate skeptics.

Date: 2018
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Working Paper: The Impact of Climate Change Skepticism on Adaptation in a Market Economy (2017) Downloads
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Handle: RePEc:eee:reecon:v:72:y:2018:i:2:p:251-262