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Willingness to pay for improved energy: Evidence from Kenya

Helen Hoka Osiolo

Renewable Energy, 2017, vol. 112, issue C, 104-112

Abstract: Using a sample respondents of 3665 households and 1669 enterprises, this paper utilizes a double bound, open-ended, contingent valuation approach where those who respond positively to the willingness to pay question, were asked to state the maximum amount they were willing to pay as quality levy. The paper identifies protest responses as those respondents who are not willing to pay for the proposed program or as outliers who may state a willingness to pay value either higher or lower than the average willingness to pay value. Bidders and genuine zeros responses are respondents that either state a zero or a positive willingness to pay respectively. Heckman’s sample-selection procedure is used to test sample selection bias in and also analyze the WTP function.

Keywords: Willingness to pay; Contingent valuation; Heckman sample selection; Energy sources; Kenya (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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