Insight perspectives of thermostable endoglucanases for bioethanol production: A review
Ikram ul Haq,
Wafa Imran and
Renewable Energy, 2018, vol. 122, issue C, 225-238
Currently, production of bioenergy has received much attention because it offers a mean to reduce dependence on natural crude oil and to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases which affect our environment globally. Thermotolerant cellulolytic enzymes can hydrolyze the cellulosic polymer chiefly for the production of bioethanol as a second generation fuel and are now being used in many biotechnological fields. Among cellulases, endoglucanase enzyme has been studied and reviewed from various sources and their expression within plants is a futuristic approach that has recently come into focus. Thermostability and solvent-tolerant endoglucanases are highly valuable tools for versatile industrial processes. The structural and sequential properties responsible for endoglucanase heat stability have been scrutinized by many researchers. Here, we have attempted to identify those factors which concern the thermophilic behavior of endoglucanases both individually and synergistically along with other factors, to increase endoglucanase expression and specific activity under favorable conditions. Additionally, we look at the prospect of in-planta expression of endoglucanase as a means to produce cheap and abundant biocatalyst for various industrial and biotechnological applications.
Keywords: Bioethanol; Endoglucanase; Thermostability; Thermodynamics; Saccharification (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:renene:v:122:y:2018:i:c:p:225-238
Access Statistics for this article
Renewable Energy is currently edited by Soteris A. Kalogirou and Paul Christodoulides
More articles in Renewable Energy from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().