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How European public sector agencies innovate: The use of bottom-up, policy-dependent and knowledge-scanning innovation methods

Anthony Arundel, Luca Casali and Hugo Hollanders ()

Research Policy, 2015, vol. 44, issue 7, 1271-1282

Abstract: Factor and cluster analysis are used to identify different methods that public sector agencies in Europe use to innovate, based on data from a 2010 survey of 3273 agencies. The analyses identify three types of innovative agencies: bottom-up, knowledge-scanning, and policy-dependent. The distribution of bottom-up agencies across European countries is positively correlated with average per capita incomes while the distribution of knowledge-scanning agencies is negatively correlated with income. In contrast, there is no consistent pattern by country in the distribution of policy-dependent agencies. Regression results that control for agency characteristics find that innovation methods are significantly correlated with the beneficial outcomes of innovation, with bottom-up and knowledge-scanning agencies out-performing policy-dependent agencies.

Keywords: Public sector innovation; Taxonomy of innovation; Innovation outcomes; Innovation survey (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2015.04.007

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