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The allocation and effectiveness of China’s R&D subsidies - Evidence from listed firms

Philipp Boeing ()

Research Policy, 2016, vol. 45, issue 9, 1774-1789

Abstract: In this study we investigate the allocation of China’s R&D subsidies and their effectiveness in stimulating business R&D investments for the population of Chinese listed firms between 2001 and 2006. With respect to subsidy allocation, we find that firm selection is mainly determined by prior grants, high quality inventions, and minority state-ownership. Market-oriented provincial governments distribute grants less frequently, and firms located in developed provinces receive grants more often. Considering effectiveness, R&D subsidies instantaneously crowd-out business R&D investment but are neutral in later periods. In 2006, one public RMB reduces business R&D investments by half an RMB. However, crowding-out is not prevalent for repeated recipients of R&D subsidies, high-tech firms, and minority state-owned firms.

Keywords: China; R&D subsidies; Economic transition; Propensity score matching; Conditional difference-in-differences (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O38 O32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2016.05.007

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Research Policy is currently edited by M. Bell, B. Martin, W.E. Steinmueller, A. Arora, M. Callon, M. Kenney, S. Kuhlmann, Keun Lee and F. Murray

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