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Global Innovation Systems—A conceptual framework for innovation dynamics in transnational contexts

Christian Binz and Bernhard Truffer

Research Policy, 2017, vol. 46, issue 7, 1284-1298

Abstract: This paper proposes a framework for the analysis of technological innovation processes in transnational contexts. By drawing on existing innovation system concepts and recent elaborations on the globalization of innovation, we develop a multi-scalar conceptualization of innovation systems. Two key mechanisms are introduced and elaborated: the generation of resources in multi-locational subsystems and the establishment of structural couplings among them in a global innovation system (GIS). Based on this conceptualization, we introduce a typology of four generic GIS configurations, building on the innovation mode and valuation system in different industry types. The analytical framework is illustrated with insights from four emerging clean-tech industries. We state that a comprehensive GIS perspective is instrumental for developing a more explanatory stance in the innovation system literature and developing policy interventions that reflect the increasing spatial complexity in the innovation process.

Keywords: Innovation system; Globalization; Clean-tech industry; Industry typology; Innovation policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B52 E14 F60 O30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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