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International knowledge flows and the administrative barriers to mobility

Sultan Orazbayev ()

Research Policy, 2017, vol. 46, issue 9, 1655-1665

Abstract: Face-to-face contact, even temporary one, helps researchers form personal ties and transfer tacit knowledge. The ability of researchers to colocate, including attendance at international conferences, workshops and seminars, is affected by the administrative barriers to international mobility. This paper uses a gravity-style empirical framework to examine the link between international knowledge flows and immigration policies. The results suggest that the paper walls erected by such policies reduce not just the mobility of individuals, but also the diffusion of knowledge. A moderately restrictive mobility barrier reduces incoming and outgoing knowledge flows by about 0.8–1.3% per year. The effect of knowledge-exporting country's policy persists for nearly 10 years. There is also a short-term asymmetry: diffusion of recent knowledge is affected more by the immigration policy of a knowledge-exporter rather than a knowledge-importer.

Keywords: Diffusion of knowledge; Academic mobility; Immigration policy; Travel visa policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F29 O33 R10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Working Paper: International knowledge flows and the administrative barriers to mobility (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: International knowledge flows and the administrative barriers to mobility (2016) Downloads
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