International research networks: Determinants of country embeddedness
Holger Graf and
Martin Kalthaus ()
Research Policy, 2018, vol. 47, issue 7, 1198-1214
Research activities are increasingly global so that embeddedness in international knowledge networks is decisive for inventive and innovative performance. We analyze determinants of countries’ embeddedness in the global photovoltaics knowledge network for the period 1980–2015 and argue that positions in this network are determined by the structure and functionality of national research systems and by instruments within the policy-mix for renewable energies. We show that cohesion and connectedness of the national research system positively affect international embeddedness, whereas centralized systems are detrimental to embeddedness. This indicates that a diffusion oriented research system allows better access to international knowledge flows. Policy instruments, especially demand side instruments, show a positive effect on embeddedness.
Keywords: International collaboration; Research system; Photovoltaics; Policy mix; Multimodal networks (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L14 O31 O38 Q42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: International Research Networks: Determinants of Country Embeddedness (2016)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:respol:v:47:y:2018:i:7:p:1198-1214
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