Addressing transportation and environmental externalities with economics: Are policy makers listening?
Charles Lindsey () and
Research in Transportation Economics, 2020, vol. 82, issue C
A literature review reveals that economists have had limited success in promoting economically efficient transportation and environmental externality policies. Evidence shows that policy makers are more open to using taxes and cap-and-trade systems to combat climate change than levying tolls to manage traffic congestion. Although carbon taxes are too low, and caps on tradable permits too high, to induce significant Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions reductions, governments at all levels are starting to implement these instruments, and climate change is now on the international political agenda as the Paris Agreement demonstrates. By contrast, congestion charging is rare. One reason may be that the science of climate change has become virtually impossible to ignore. Another is that GHG concentrations are cumulative, and the consequences of climate change are global, irreversible and potentially catastrophic. Traffic congestion is localized and transient, and more of an inconvenience than a threat to life. Responsibility for transportation policy is also often divided across multiple levels of government. These differences may explain why the use of economic instruments has been more widespread in dealing with climate change than with congestion.
Keywords: Traffic congestion; Pollution; Greenhouse gas emissions; Climate change; Carbon taxes; Tradable permits; Congestion pricing; Economic advice; Policymaking (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D62 H21 H23 Q54 R48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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