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Foreign bank subsidiaries’ risk-taking behavior: Impact of home and host country national culture

Badar Nadeem Ashraf and Sidra Arshad

Research in International Business and Finance, 2017, vol. 41, issue C, 318-335

Abstract: This paper examines whether the risk-taking behavior of foreign affiliates of multinational banks is more influenced by the national culture of their parent banks’ home country or the national culture of foreign affiliates’ host country. The study uses a dataset of 292 foreign affiliates (i.e., subsidiaries or branch operations) operating in 66 countries having parent banks in 26 countries for empirical analysis. National culture of both home and host countries is measured with four dimensions—uncertainty avoidance, individualism, masculinity and power distance—of Hofstede's framework of national culture. Findings suggest that the national culture of parent banks’ home country has higher impact on the risk-taking behavior of foreign affiliates of multinational banks than the national culture of their host country. Specifically, foreign affiliates’ risk-taking is higher if parent banks’ home country has low uncertainty avoidance, high individualism and low power distance cultural values. This study extends our understanding that how informal institutions, such as the national culture, influence the financial decisions in multinational banks.

Keywords: National culture; Bank risk taking; Multinational banks; Uncertainty avoidance; Individualism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G18 G21 G28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:riibaf:v:41:y:2017:i:c:p:318-335

DOI: 10.1016/j.ribaf.2017.04.039

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