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The role of location on complexity of firms’ innovation outcome

Sam Tavassoli () and Charlie Karlsson ()

Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2021, vol. 162, issue C

Abstract: In this paper we analyze how the location of firms influences their innovation outcomes, particularly the complexity of the outcomes. Using three waves of the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden for a balanced panel of firms from 2006 to 2012, we identified a range of innovation outcome categories, i.e. simple and complex (low-, medium-, highly-complex) . The backbone of such categorization is based on how firms introduce a combination of Schumpeterian types of innovations (i.e. process, product, marketing, and organizational). Then we consider three regional characteristics that may affect the innovation outcomes of firms, i.e. (i) qualified labor market thickness, (ii) knowledge-intensive services thickness, and (iii) knowledge spillovers extent. We find that regional characteristics do not affect firms’ innovation outcomes ubiquitously. They are only positively associated with those firms introducing the highly-complex innovation outcomes. For firms with less complex innovation outcomes, the regional characteristics do not seem to play a pivotal role. For these innovators, internal resources and formal collaboration with external partners have a significant role.

Keywords: Innovation outcome; location, Agglomeration economies; knowledge spillovers, Community innovation survey (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D22 L20 O31 O32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:tefoso:v:162:y:2021:i:c:s0040162520312300

DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120404

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