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New digital technologies and heterogeneous wage and employment dynamics in the United States: Evidence from individual-level data

Frank Fossen and Alina Sorgner

Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2022, vol. 175, issue C

Abstract: We analyze heterogeneous effects of new digital technologies on individual-level wage and employment dynamics in the United States from 2011-2018. To this end, we employ four digital technology measures from recent literature: computerization probabilities of occupations, occupational impacts of artificial intelligence, and the suitability of tasks for machine learning and their within-occupation variance. Based on CPS and ASEC panel data, the results indicate that labor-displacing digital technologies are associated with slower wage growth and higher probabilities of switching one's occupation and becoming non-employed. In contrast, labor-reinstating digital technologies improve individual labor market outcomes. Workers with high levels of formal education are most affected by the new generation of digital technologies.

Keywords: Digitalization; Artificial intelligence; Machine learning; Wage dynamics; Employment stability; Unemployment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2021.121381

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