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Determinants of quadic patenting: Market access, imitative threat, competition and strength of intellectual property rights

Can Huang and Jojo Jacob ()

Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2014, vol. 85, issue C, 4-16

Abstract: This paper analyzes firms' decisions to seek intellectual property rights in global markets, particularly in China. We introduce the notion of a ‘quadic patent,’ defined as a patent family that consists of patent applications filed at the European Patent Office, the Japanese Patent Office, the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and the national patent office of a fourth country. We examine the determinants of quadic patenting at the industry level for China, and at the country level for a sample of 38 countries. Our results indicate that quadic patenting is driven by the need to access markets, respond to imitative threats, and compete in product markets.

Keywords: Quadic patent family; Triadic patent family; Internationalization of R&D; International patenting; Innovation; Imitative threat; Multinational corporations (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O31 O34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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Working Paper: Determinants of quadic patenting: Market access, imitative threat, competition and strength of intellectual property rights (2012) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:tefoso:v:85:y:2014:i:c:p:4-16

DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.04.004

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