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On the optimization of the bus network design: An analytical approach based on the three-dimensional macroscopic fundamental diagram

Igor Dakic, Ludovic Leclercq and Monica Menendez

Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 2021, vol. 149, issue C, 393-417

Abstract: Multiple factors can influence the public transport level of service. All take root in the network structure and the operating regime, i.e. how the bus lines are arranged atop the street network and how the service frequency is adjusted to meet urban mobility patterns. This is known as the bus network design problem and has been the subject of several studies. The problem is so challenging that most studies until now resort to strong assumptions such as a static description of the peak hour demand, homogeneous user behavior, and equal trip lengths. Potential effects of different types of user behavior and trip lengths patterns on the user and/or operator cost have not been investigated whatsoever. Moreover, none of the existing studies have considered the effects of bus network structure on private car users, the level of interactions between the modes, and the passenger mode choice that depends on traffic conditions.

Keywords: Bus network design; Trip length distribution; Bi-modal MFD; Space allocation; Bus operations (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.trb.2021.04.012

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