First train timetabling and bus service bridging in intermodal bus-and-train transit networks
Zhiguang Cao and
Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 2021, vol. 149, issue C, 443-462
Subway system is the main mode of transportation for city dwellers and is a quite significant backbone to a city's operations. One of the challenges of subway network operation is the scheduling of the first trains each morning and its impact on transfers. To deal with this challenge, some cities (e.g. Beijing) use bus ‘bridging’ services, temporarily substituting segments of the subway network. The present paper optimally identifies when to start each train and bus bridging service in an intermodal transit network. Starting from a mixed integer nonlinear programming model for the first train timetabling problem, we linearize and reformulate the model using the auxiliary binary variables. Following that, the bus bridging model is developed to cooperate with the first train operation for reducing long transfer waiting times. After realizing the low computational efficiency of solving the integrated model, a tailored algorithm is designed to optimally solve the first train timetabling and bus service bridging problems. The exact models and algorithms are applied to the Beijing subway network to test their effectiveness and computational efficiency. Numerical results show that our approaches decrease the total passenger waiting time by 53.4% by a combined effect of adjusting the first train departure times and operating 27 bridging buses on 7 routes.
Keywords: Timetabling; Subway system; Bus service deployment; MILP model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:transb:v:149:y:2021:i:c:p:443-462
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
https://shop.elsevie ... _01_ooc_1&version=01
Access Statistics for this article
Transportation Research Part B: Methodological is currently edited by Fred Mannering
More articles in Transportation Research Part B: Methodological from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().