Vertical relationships for the European railway industry
P. Cantos Sánchez
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Pedro Cantos-Sánchez ()
Transport Policy, 2001, vol. 8, issue 2, 77-83
A key question in the reform process of Europe's railway industry is the decision whether to opt for a market structure that vertically integrates infrastructure and operations, or for one that separates them. In making this decision, knowledge of the relationship between operating costs and the infrastructure is fundamental. For this purpose a translogarithmic cost function is estimated, including the multi-product nature of railway companies and a measurement of the value of the infrastructure. The results show that costs deriving from freight transport and from the infrastructure are complementary, while those deriving from passenger transport and from the infrastructure are substitutes. In any case, the paper shows that if important decisions regarding infrastructure are going to be made, rail operating costs will be notably affected, and these effects must be appropriately evaluated.
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