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Stacking up the ladder: A panel data analysis of Tanzanian household energy choices

Johanna Choumert-Nkolo, Pascale Combes Motel and Pierre Le Roux ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Pascale Combes Motel ()

World Development, 2019, vol. 115, issue C, 222-235

Abstract: Energy-use statistics in Tanzania reflect the country’s low level of industrialization and development. In 2016, only 16.9% of rural and 65.3% of urban inhabitants in mainland Tanzania were connected to some form of electricity. We use a nationally representative three-wave panel dataset (2008–2013) to contribute to the literature on household energy use decisions in Tanzania in the context of the stacking and energy ladder hypotheses. We firstly adopt a panel multinomial-logit approach to model the determinants of household cooking- and lighting-fuel choices, using night time lights data to proxy for electricity access. Secondly, we focus explicitly on energy stacking behaviour, proposing various ways of measuring what is inferred when stacking behaviour is thought of in the context of the energy transition and presenting household level correlates of energy stacking behaviour. Thirdly, since fuel uses have gender-differentiated impacts, we investigate the relevance of common proxies of women’s intra-household bargaining power in the decision-making process of household fuel choices. We find that whilst higher household incomes are strongly associated with a transition towards the adoption of more modern fuels, especially for lighting, this transition takes place in a context of significant fuel stacking. In Tanzania, government policy has been aimed mostly at connecting households to the electricity grid. However, the public health, environmental and social benefits of access to modern energy sources are likely to be diminished in a context of significant fuel stacking. Our analysis using proxies of women’s intra-household bargaining power suggests that the level of education of the spouse is also a major factor in the transition towards the use of modern fuels.

Keywords: Fuel choices; Cooking; Lighting; Sub-Saharan Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q41 N5 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Related works:
Working Paper: Stacking up the ladder: A panel data analysis of Tanzanian household energy choices (2019)
Working Paper: Stacking up the ladder: A panel data analysis of Tanzanian household energy choices (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Stacking up the ladder: A panel data analysis of Tanzanian household energy choices (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Stacking up the Ladder: A Panel Data Analysis of Tanzanian Household Energy Choices (2017) Downloads
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