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Stacking up the Ladder: A Panel Data Analysis of Tanzanian Household Energy Choices

Johanna Choumert-Nkolo, Pascale Combes Motel () and Pierre Le Roux ()
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Pascale Combes Motel: CERDI

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Pascale Combes Motel ()

No 2017.28, Working Papers from FAERE - French Association of Environmental and Resource Economists

Abstract: The energy sector in Tanzania reflects its low level of industrialization and development. In 2016, only 16.9% of rural and 65.3% of urban people in Tanzania Mainland were connected to some form of electricity. This paper makes use of a nationally representative three wave panel dataset (2008-2013) to contribute to the literature on household energy use decisions in the context of the stacking and energy ladder hypotheses in Tanzania. We firstly adopt a panel multinomial-logit approach to model the determinants of household cooking and lighting fuel choices. Secondly, we focus explicitly on energy stacking behaviour, proposing various ways of measuring what is inferred when stacking behaviour is thought of in the context of the energy transition, and presenting household level correlates of energy stacking behaviour. We find that while higher household incomes are strongly associated with a transition towards the adoption of more modern fuels, especially in lighting, this takes place in a context of significant fuel stacking. The implications for policy aimed mostly at connecting households to the electric grid are that many of the benefits of the energy transition in terms of public health, environmental and social factors may be subdued.

Keywords: Fuel choices; Charcoal; Biomass; Electricity; Tanzania (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q41 N5 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene
Date: 2017-11
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http://faere.fr/pub/WorkingPapers/Choumert_Combes% ... _FAERE_WP2017.28.pdf First version, 2017 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Stacking up the ladder: A panel data analysis of Tanzanian household energy choices (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Stacking up the ladder: A panel data analysis of Tanzanian household energy choices (2019)
Working Paper: Stacking up the ladder: A panel data analysis of Tanzanian household energy choices (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Stacking up the ladder: A panel data analysis of Tanzanian household energy choices (2017) Downloads
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