Changes in the profile of inequality across Europe since 2005: austerity and redistribution
Markus Schneider (),
Stephen Kinsella and
European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention, 2016, vol. 13, issue 3, 354-374
We present two Gini-like inequality indices that provide a more nuanced picture of how the profile of inequality has changed across European countries since 2005. We use these indices to analyse the distributional changes that can be attributed to the push for austerity. We estimate the JV-indices for 24 European countries over 9 years, and then use this panel to analyse the distributional effects of the fiscal consolidation policies Europe endured after the 2008 crisis. We find that austerity increased income inequality in eurozone countries, but reduced income inequality in countries that do not use the euro as their currency. We uncover a significant new relationship between austerity policies and the tails of the income distribution, further suggesting that in the eurozone these policies on average amount to a redistribution from the bottom to the top.
Keywords: austerity; Europe; inequality; income distribution; Gini; Lorenz curve (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 D63 E62 E65 H6 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (9) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:elg:ejeepi:v:13:y:2016:i:3:p354-374
Access Statistics for this article
European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention is currently edited by Torsten Niechoj
More articles in European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention from Edward Elgar Publishing
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Phillip Thompson ().