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Islamic social business to alleviate poverty and social inequality

Nusrate Aziz and Osman Bin Mohamad

International Journal of Social Economics, 2016, vol. 43, issue 6, 573-592

Abstract: Purpose - – The purpose of this paper is to identify some well-set instruments in Islam that can efficiently alleviate poverty, solve social problems and reduce social inequality through a new operational framework called “Islamic social business (ISB)”. Design/methodology/approach - – This is a conceptual research that is based on Findings - – The study proposes an efficient system of Islamic wealth sourcing and management to make the process of poverty alleviation sustainable. Other social problems for disadvantaged people, such as, health-, shelter-, literacy- and environmental-related issues are also addressed in the proposed system. The study identifies the inefficiency in the current practices and makes some propositions that are in conformance with Islamic principles and implementable by Islamic institutions all over the world. The authors propose a theoretical framework and operational propositions for ISB. Practical implications - – In following this study, social policymakers, Islamic financial institutions, Islamic social enterprises and Islamic charity organizations will find organized guidelines to initiate “new entities” or “reshape existing entities”. Social implications - – The study will be effective in solving social problems, alleviating poverty and reducing social inequality. Originality/value - – This is the first study that identifies all the potential Islamic sources of funding and the efficient management thereof through ISB. The study also proposes an ISB model and makes several propositions for different types of ISB.

Keywords: Economic philosophy/theory; Poverty; Islamic banking/finance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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