Role of personal values in investment decisions: perspectives of individual Ghanaian shareholders
Otuo Agyemang () and
Management Research Review, 2016, vol. 39, issue 8, 940-964
Purpose - This paper examines the role personal values play in investment decision-making processes among Ghanaian shareholders. Design/methodology/approach - In consequence of the recent emergence of the issue of corporate governance practices in Ghana, and the kind of the research objective of this paper, a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods was employed. These methods were employed in two stages. The first stage was qualitative, which purposively selected 20 individual shareholders to solicit their perspectives on how personal values influence investment decisions. Their responses were used to construct the content of this enquiry. The second stage, which was quantitative, employed stratified sampling technique to select 503 individual shareholders to confirm the responses obtained from stage one of the enquiry. Findings - The findings of the study reveal that individual shareholders in Ghana hold value priorities and that honesty, a comfortable life and family security play a significant role in their lives and their investment decision-making processes, and the kind of companies they choose to invest in. Also, to Ghanaian individual shareholders, there is a clear distinction between a comfortable life and a prosperous life in the sense that they are not incentivized more by the latter but by the former in their investment decisions. Practical implications - The results can inform corporate directors and managers what values are considered in investment decisions, and that it is not purely financial. With these results, they can be informed that while some financial values are important- it is just to live a comfortable life and not a prosperous life. This may influence these directors and managers to have a more long-run focus and to have more of a CSR focus by putting implementable measures in place to tackle corporate responsibility issues and to take up a responsibility for their CSR feat. Also, the results can be used for public policy in that if regulators find out that more CSR type information is important to investors, they might require additional CSR-type disclosures in financial statements. Originality/value - This paper contributes to our knowledge on the stakeholder perspective of Corporate Governance that individual shareholders’ personal values have influence on their investment decisions and the choice of companies they invest in.
Keywords: Corporate governance; Corporate social responsibility; Ghanaian individual shareholders; Investment decision-making processes; Personal values of individual shareholders; Stakeholder perspective; Behavioural processes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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