The impact of financial openness, trade openness on macroeconomic volatility in Pakistan: ARDL Co Integration approach
Hira Mujahid and
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Hira Mujahid: Applied Economics Research Center, University of Karachi, Karachi-75279, Pakistan
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Dr.Hira Mujajhid ()
E3 Journal of Business Management and Economics., 2014, vol. 5, issue 1, 001-008
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between trade openness, financial openness and macroeconomic volatility in Pakistan. For this purpose, time series data from 1970-2010 and ARDL co integration technique was used to find the long run relationship. The results proposed that in the long run, trade openness generates volatility in output and investment, whereas financial openness has significant effect only on investment volatilities. Furthermore, the error correction model suggested that in the short run, trade and financial openness significantly affect output, consumption and investment volatilities.
Keywords: Macroeconomic Volatility; Trade openness; financial openness; Consumption; Investment. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:etr:series:v:5:y:2014:i:01:p:001-008
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