Trade liberalization, economic size and macroeconomic volatility: Empirical evidence from Pakistan
Shaista Alam and
Additional contact information
Hira Mujahid: Applied Economics Research Center, University of Karachi, Karachi-75279
Nighat Bilgrami: Applied Economics Research Center, University of Karachi, Karachi-75279
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Dr.Hira Mujajhid ()
E3 Journal of Business Management and Economics., 2015, vol. 6, issue 2, 027-037
The purpose of this study is to investigate the link between trade liberalization, government size and the macroeconomic volatility in case of Pakistan. For this purpose, study used time series data from 1967-2010 and employed co integration technique to find long run relationship. The results proposed that in long run trade liberalization and economic size create volatility in output. However consumption and investment volatilities are directly link with trade liberalization and government size has direct relationship with output and investment volatilities. It is proposed that increase in economic size may increase the investment and output volatilities in long run. Furthermore error correction model suggested that in short run output volatility, trade liberalization, and economic size are negatively linked whereas government size directly linked with output, consumption and investment volatility in the short run.
Keywords: Government Spending; Income; Macroeconomic Volatility; Population; Trade Liberalization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://e3journals.org/cms/articles/1432006224_Mujahidetal.pdf Full text
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:etr:series:v:6:y:2015:i:02:p:027-037
Access Statistics for this article
More articles in E3 Journal of Business Management and Economics. from E3 Journals
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Andrew Godwin ().