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An Input-Output Analysis of Rising Imports in Turkey

Alper Duman () and Gul Ertan Ozguzer

Ekonomik Yaklasim, 2012, vol. 23, issue 84, 39-54

Abstract: The dramatic surge in imports of goods and services without a concomitant surge in exports in Turkey deserves a sound explanation. The studies on the issue addressed increasing import dependency of the manufacturing sector in Turkey. This paper has attempted to scrutinize the reasons behind this phenomenon by looking not only at the manufacturing sector as the past studies did, but also at the other sectors of the economy. Using 1998 and 2002 Input -Output Tables, import requirement ratios have been calculated for 12 aggregate sectors. The results demonstrate that the contribution of the "wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and household goods" sector to the increasing import dependency, hence to significantly rising imports, is greater than that of the manufacturing sector.

Keywords: Input-Output Model; import requirement ratio; sector analysis; Turkey. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C67 F14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
Note: [Turkish Title] Türkiye Ekonomisinde İthalat artışı: Bir Girdi-Çıktı Analizi [Turkish Abstract] Bu çalışma ihracatta aynı hızda bir artış olmadan ithalatta gözlemlenen dikkate değer artışı daha önceki çalışmalardan farklı olarak imalat sektörü haricindeki sektörleri de dikkate alarak açıklamayı amaçlamaktadır. 1998 ve 2002 Girdi-Çıktı tabloları kullanılarak, 12 sektör için ithalat bağımlılık oranları hesaplanmış ve “toptan ve parekende ticaret; motorlu taşıtların ve ev eşyalarının tamiri” sektörünün artan ithalat bağımlılığına ve dolayısıyla artan ithalata katkısnın imalat sektörünün katkısından daha büyük olduğu saptanmıştır. [Turkish Keywords] Girdi-çıktı modeli, ithalat bağımlılık oranı, sektör analizi, Türkiye.
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