Economics at your fingertips  

The Diaspora Effect: Cultural Hybridisation in Italian Jewish Philosopher Renato Treves and Spanish Republican Essayist Francisco Ayala in Argentina (1938-1944)

Giulia Quaggio ()
Additional contact information
Giulia Quaggio: Universidad Complutense Madrid

Annals of the Fondazione Luigi Einaudi. An Interdisciplinary Journal of Economics, History and Political Science, 2020, vol. 54, issue 2, 151-178

Abstract: Following Peter Burke’s suggestions about the history of diasporas and their imbricate interplay with knowledge and Michele Espagne’s theorisation about “cultural transfer”, this article aims to delve into the channels, personal contacts and distinctive carriers through which the European cultural resistance during the Second World War transited and transplanted its ideas from the homeland to the host-land. Notably, the article explores the transcultural lives and intellectual hybridisation between the Italian Jewish exile Treves and the Spanish Republican émigré Ayala within the polarised context of Argentina before Juan Domingo Perón’s rule (1946-1955) through enquiry into the contents and cross-border scope of the essay A Double Political Experience (1944). After considering the experience of European intellectual exiles in Argentina and the complex creation process of this essay, the article examines three major points: the debate between the two European exiles about freedom, antifascism and the interpretation of the origins of fascism; their idea of nation and cosmopolitanism; and finally their conversion to the discipline of sociology as the more effective intellectual tool to be deployed for the democratic reconciliation and liberal reshaping of post-war Europe. I will argue that for both scholars the exile experience represented a turning point in the assessment and processing of their knowledge on the post-war order. On the threshold of the Cold War era, it globalised and hybridised their intellectual approach to a ‘third Europe’, neither liberal nor socialist but ‘liberal socialist’. The article also helps to provide a more nuanced interpretation of European intellectual resistance during the Second World War and takes into account the often-overlooked agency of American intellectual actors in its narrative and shaping.

Keywords: Transnational Anti-Fascism; Intellectual Exile; Cosmopolitanism; Post-War Europe; Liberal Socialism; Argentina (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

DOI: 10.26331/1121

Access Statistics for this article

Annals of the Fondazione Luigi Einaudi. An Interdisciplinary Journal of Economics, History and Political Science is currently edited by Francesco Cassata, Mario Aldo Cedrini, Roberto Marchionatti, Federica Morelli and Angela Ambrosino

More articles in Annals of the Fondazione Luigi Einaudi. An Interdisciplinary Journal of Economics, History and Political Science from Fondazione Luigi Einaudi, Torino (Italy) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Mario Aldo Cedrini ().

Page updated 2021-04-13
Handle: RePEc:fle:journl:v:54:y:2020:i:2:p:151-178