The Impact of Crop Diversification on the Economic Efficiency of Small Farms in Poland
Agnieszka Strzelecka and
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Agnieszka Kurdyś-Kujawska: Faculty of Economics, Department of Finance, Koszalin University of Technology, Kwiatkowskiego 6e, 75-343 Koszalin, Poland
Agnieszka Strzelecka: Faculty of Economics, Department of Finance, Koszalin University of Technology, Kwiatkowskiego 6e, 75-343 Koszalin, Poland
Danuta Zawadzka: Faculty of Economics, Department of Finance, Koszalin University of Technology, Kwiatkowskiego 6e, 75-343 Koszalin, Poland
Agriculture, 2021, vol. 11, issue 3, 1-21
Crop diversification finds an important place in the strategy of dealing with risk and uncertainty related to climate change. It helps to increase the resilience of farmers, significantly improving their income stability, but at the same time, it can lower the economic efficiency of small farms. The aim of the article is to identify the determinants of crop diversification and the impact of crop diversification on the economic efficiency of small farms in Poland. This article first provides a critical review of the literature on crop diversification, its role in stabilizing agricultural income and its impact on economic efficiency in small farms. Secondly, the level of crop diversification was determined and empirical research was conducted considering the economic, social and agronomic characteristics of farms. Thirdly, the economic efficiency of farms diversifying crops was compared with farms focused on one type of production. The research material consisted of small farms participating in the Polish system of collecting and using farm accountancy data (FADN) in 2018. The level of diversification was determined using the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index. The factors influencing crop diversification were identified using the logit regression model. The Mann–Whitney U rank sum test was used to assess the significance of the differences in distributions. The research results indicate an average level of crop diversification in small farms in Poland and its regional differentiation. In addition, a statistically significant positive impact on the probability of crop diversification in small farms in Poland was found of variables such as the level of exposure of agricultural production to atmospheric and agricultural drought and the location of the farm in the frost hardiness zone and a statistically significant negative impact of the variable: value of fixed assets. The existence of significant differences in the level of economic efficiency of farms diversifying crops and farms focused on one profile of agricultural production was proved. The study is an important voice in the discussion on increasing measures to strengthen support for small farms that diversify crops so as to ensure their greater stability and economic efficiency.
Keywords: crop diversification; small farms; economic efficiency; HHI-Index; Poland (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q1 Q10 Q11 Q12 Q13 Q14 Q15 Q16 Q17 Q18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jagris:v:11:y:2021:i:3:p:250-:d:517850
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