Capital Regulation and Bank Risk-Taking Behavior: Evidence from Pakistan
Badar Nadeem Ashraf,
Sidra Arshad and
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Sidra Arshad: School of Public Administration, China University of Geosciences Wuhan, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China
Yuancheng Hu: Research Center for Financial Development and Risk Prevention, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, Jiangxi, China
IJFS, 2016, vol. 4, issue 3, 1-20
In response to the global financial crisis of 2007–2009, risk-based capital requirements have been reinforced in the new Basel III Accord to counter excessive bank risk-taking behavior. However, prior theoretical as well as empirical literature that studies the impact of risk-based capital requirements on bank risk-taking behavior is inconclusive. The primary purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of risk-based capital requirements on bank risk-taking behavior, using a panel dataset of 21 listed commercial banks of Pakistan over the period 2005–2012. Purely regulatory measures of bank capital, capital adequacy ratio, and bank assets portfolio risk, risk-weighted assets to total assets ratio, are used for the main analysis. Recently developed small N panel methods (bias corrected least squares dummy variable (LSDVC) method and system GMM method with instruments collapse option) are used to control for panel fixed effects, dynamic dependent variables, and endogenous independent variables. Overall, the results suggest that commercial banks have reduced assets portfolio risk in response to stringent risk-based capital requirements. Results also confirm that all banks having risk-based capital ratios either lower or higher than the regulatory required limits, have decreased portfolio risk in response to stringent risk-based capital requirements. The results are robust to alternative proxies of bank risk-taking, alternative estimation methods, and alternative samples.
Keywords: capital regulation; bank risk taking; Basel-II; Basel-III; Pakistan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F2 F3 F41 F42 G1 G2 G3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jijfss:v:4:y:2016:i:3:p:16-:d:75963
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