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A Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) of the Agricultural Cooperatives from South East Region of Romania

Andrei-Mirel Florea, Florentin Bercu (), Riana Iren Radu () and Silvius Stanciu ()
Additional contact information
Florentin Bercu: Union of the National Branch of Crop Sector Cooperatives, 020491 Bucharest, Romania
Riana Iren Radu: Departament of Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, “Dunărea de Jos” University of Galati, 800001 Galati, Romania
Silvius Stanciu: Center for Technology Transfer, “Dunărea de Jos” University of Galati, 800001 Galati, Romania

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 21, 1-18

Abstract: The need for Romanian agriculture development by efficient usage of resources and a rural environment has led to the establishment of agricultural cooperatives. Romania needs strong cooperatives and, in order to achieve this, the involvement of not only the authorities and agricultural producers, but also of each inhabitant from the rural area, is required. In the context of food market saturation with import products, it is necessary to revive the Romanian market in order to supply natural and quality products. A total of 1425 agricultural cooperatives were registered in Romania at the end of 2018, out of which 57% did not submit the Balance Sheet. The research performed within the study proposes the usage of fsQCA analysis in order to assess some conditions considered by us essential for the sustainability of the agricultural cooperatives. These conditions are represented by the initial contribution of the members, by the existence of a central collection space, by the employment of a manager, by the knowledge of the members on the development possibilities, and by the involvement of the members within the cooperative’s activity. The study highlights the fact that the absence of the conditions presented leads to the absence of a sustainable cooperative. We consider the dissolution of the cooperatives pertinent, which has not developed an activity for more than three years from their establishment and the publication on the MADR website of the National Registry of Cooperatives, which will offer a true image on the prosperity and viability of these types of entities.

Keywords: agricultural cooperatives; FSQCA; sustainability; rural development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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