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Investigating the Impact of Airport Noise and Land Use Restrictions on House Prices: Evidence from Selected Regional Airports in Poland

Jacek Batóg (), Iwona Foryś (), Radosław Gaca (), Michał Głuszak () and Jan Konowalczuk ()
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Jacek Batóg: Department of Econometrics and Statistics, University of Szczecin, 70-453 Szczecin, Poland
Iwona Foryś: Department of Econometrics and Statistics, University of Szczecin, 70-453 Szczecin, Poland
Radosław Gaca: Kancelaria Rzeczoznawcy Majątkowego Radosław Gaca, 85-005 Bydgoszcz, Poland
Michał Głuszak: Department of Real Estate and Investment Economics, Cracow University of Economics, 31-510 Krakow, Poland
Jan Konowalczuk: Department of Investment and Real Estate, University of Economics in Katowice, 40-287 Katowice, Poland

Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, issue 2, 1-18

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the influence of airport operation on property prices. In this research, we apply spatial hedonic regression and a difference-in-differences approach to address the introduction of new land use restrictions on property prices. We use data on housing transactions from two housing submarkets around regional airports in Poland. The results suggest that the introduction of land use restrictions impacts property prices. In general, as expected, more rigid restrictions translate into higher discounts in property prices. This research contributes to the limited knowledge on the impact of the introduction of land use restrictions on property prices, as most previous papers have focused solely on the impact of noise. These findings must be treated with caution, as some estimates were not statistically significant, mainly due to limited sample size. The research has important policy implications. Growing airports in Poland face tensions between economic and environmental sustainability. Currently, airports in Poland are obliged to limit their environmental impact by creating limited use areas related to the aircraft related noise while being responsible for property value loss related to these restrictions. As a consequence, most regional airports face significant compensations to property owners.

Keywords: airport noise; house prices; land use; hedonic model; negative externalities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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