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Investigating the Causal Relationships among Carbon Emissions, Economic Growth, and Life Expectancy in Turkey: Evidence from Time and Frequency Domain Causality Techniques

Husam Rjoub (), Jamiu Adetola Odugbesan (), Tomiwa Sunday Adebayo () and Wing-Keung Wong ()
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Husam Rjoub: Department of Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Cyprus International University, Mersin 10, 99040 Haspolat, Turkey
Jamiu Adetola Odugbesan: Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Cyprus International University, Mersin 10, 99040 Haspolat, Turkey
Tomiwa Sunday Adebayo: Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Cyprus International University, Mersin 10, 99040 Haspolat, Turkey

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 5, 1-20

Abstract: It is not a gainsaying that challenges to both healthy living and the environment are the result of deteriorating environmental quality with the attendant effect on environmental sustainability. To provide a solution to the issue, our study uses long time-series data from 1960 to 2018, and employs an overlapping generational model, the Bayer–Hanck cointegration test, wavelet coherence, Fourier Toda–Yamamoto, and Breitung–Candelon frequency-domain spectral causality tests to investigate the causal relationships among carbon emissions (CO 2 ), economic growth (GDP), and life expectancy (LE) in Turkey. Different from the literature, we find a positive co-movement between life expectancy and CO 2 and a positive correlation between LE and GDP at different scales; CO 2 has a causal relationship with LE and a bidirectional causal relationship between LE and GDP, as well as short, medium, and long-run causal relationships with LE; GDP has medium and long-run causal relationships with LE, and LE has short, medium, and long-run causal relationships with GDP. Our findings guide policymakers on their policy decision-making that will address the energy consumption, environmental degradation, human health, environmental hazards, and allocation to science and technology in Turkey with the aim of ensuring overall sustainable development.

Keywords: environmental pollution; human health; life expectancy; sustainability; time-domain causality; Turkey (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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