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General Resilience to Cope with Extreme Events

Stephen R. Carpenter (), Kenneth Arrow, Scott Barrett (), Reinette Biggs (), William Brock, Anne-Sophie Crépin (), Gustav Engström (), Carl Folke (), Terry P. Hughes (), Nils Kautsky (), Chuan-Zhong Li (), Geoffrey McCarney (), Kyle Meng (), Karl-Göran Mäler, Stephen Polasky, Marten Scheffer (), Jason Shogren (), Thomas Sterner, Jeffrey Vincent (), Brian Walker (), Anastasios Xepapadeas () and Aart de Zeeuw
Additional contact information
Stephen R. Carpenter: Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
Scott Barrett: School of International and Public Affairs/The Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
Reinette Biggs: Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Anne-Sophie Crépin: Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Gustav Engström: Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Carl Folke: Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Terry P. Hughes: Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
Nils Kautsky: Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Chuan-Zhong Li: Department of Economics, Uppsala University, Box 513, 751-20 Uppsala, Sweden
Geoffrey McCarney: School of International and Public Affairs/The Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
Kyle Meng: School of International and Public Affairs/The Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
Karl-Göran Mäler: The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Box 50005, 10405 Stockholm, Sweden
Marten Scheffer: Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University, PO Box 8080, 6700 DD, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Brian Walker: Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden

Sustainability, 2012, vol. 4, issue 12, 1-12

Abstract: Resilience to specified kinds of disasters is an active area of research and practice. However, rare or unprecedented disturbances that are unusually intense or extensive require a more broad-spectrum type of resilience. General resilience is the capacity of social-ecological systems to adapt or transform in response to unfamiliar, unexpected and extreme shocks. Conditions that enable general resilience include diversity, modularity, openness, reserves, feedbacks, nestedness, monitoring, leadership, and trust. Processes for building general resilience are an emerging and crucially important area of research.

Keywords: extreme events; general resilience; polycentric governance; resilience; social-ecological system (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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