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Novel Technological and Management Options for Accelerating Transformational Changes in Rice and Livestock Systems

Ngonidzashe Chirinda (), Laura Arenas (), Sandra Loaiza (), Catalina Trujillo (), Maria Katto (), Paula Chaparro (), Jonathan Nuñez (), Jacobo Arango (), Deissy Martinez-Baron (), Ana María Loboguerrero (), Luis A. Becerra Lopez-Lavalle (), Ivan Avila (), Myriam Guzmán (), Michael Peters (), Jennifer Twyman (), María García (), Laura Serna (), Daniel Escobar (), Diksha Arora, Jeimar Tapasco (), Lady Mazabel (), Fernando Correa (), Manabu Ishitani (), Mayesse Da Silva (), Eduardo Graterol (), Santiago Jaramillo (), Adriana Pinto (), Andres Zuluaga (), Nelson Lozano (), Ryan Byrnes (), Gabriel LaHue (), Carolina Alvarez (), Idupulapati Rao () and Rolando Barahona ()
Additional contact information
Ngonidzashe Chirinda: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Laura Arenas: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Sandra Loaiza: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Catalina Trujillo: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Maria Katto: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Paula Chaparro: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Jonathan Nuñez: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Jacobo Arango: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Deissy Martinez-Baron: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Ana María Loboguerrero: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Luis A. Becerra Lopez-Lavalle: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Ivan Avila: Federación Nacional de Arroceros (FEDEARROZ), 500001 Villavicencio, Colombia
Myriam Guzmán: Federación Nacional de Arroceros (FEDEARROZ), 500001 Villavicencio, Colombia
Michael Peters: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Jennifer Twyman: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
María García: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Laura Serna: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Daniel Escobar: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Jeimar Tapasco: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Lady Mazabel: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Fernando Correa: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Manabu Ishitani: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Mayesse Da Silva: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Eduardo Graterol: Fondo Latinoamericano para Arroz de Riego (FLAR), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Santiago Jaramillo: Fondo Latinoamericano para Arroz de Riego (FLAR), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Adriana Pinto: Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible (MADS), 111711 Bogotá, Colombia
Andres Zuluaga: Federación Colombiana de Ganaderos (FEDEGAN), 111711 Bogotá, Colombia
Nelson Lozano: Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural (MADR), 111711 Bogotá, Colombia
Ryan Byrnes: Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Gabriel LaHue: Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Carolina Alvarez: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), 1000 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Idupulapati Rao: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Palmira, Colombia
Rolando Barahona: Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UNAL), 050001 Medellín, Colombia

Sustainability, 2017, vol. 9, issue 11, 1-16

Abstract: Agricultural producers grapple with low farm yields and declining ecosystem services within their landscapes. In several instances, agricultural production systems may be considered largely unsustainable in socioeconomic and ecological (resource conservation and use and impact on nature) terms. Novel technological and management options that can serve as vehicles to promote the provision of multiple benefits, including the improvement of smallholder livelihoods, are needed. We call for a paradigm shift to allow designing and implementing agricultural systems that are not only efficient (serving as a means to promote development based on the concept of creating more goods and services while using fewer resources and creating less waste) but can also be considered synergistic (symbiotic relationship between socio-ecological systems) by simultaneously contributing to major objectives of economic, ecological, and social (equity) improvement of agro-ecosystems. These transformations require strategic approaches that are supported by participatory system-level research, experimentation, and innovation. Using data from several studies, we here provide evidence for technological and management options that could be optimized, promoted, and adopted to enable agricultural systems to be efficient, effective, and, indeed, sustainable. Specifically, we present results from a study conducted in Colombia, which demonstrated that, in rice systems, improved water management practices such as Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) reduce methane emissions (~70%). We also show how women can play a key role in AWD adoption. For livestock systems, we present in vitro evidence showing that the use of alternative feed options such as cassava leaves contributes to livestock feed supplementation and could represent a cost-effective approach for reducing enteric methane emissions (22% to 55%). We argue that to design and benefit from sustainable agricultural systems, there is a need for better targeting of interventions that are co-designed, co-evaluated, and co-promoted, with farmers as allies of transformational change (as done in the climate-smart villages), not as recipients of external knowledge. Moreover, for inclusive sustainability that harnesses existing knowledge and influences decision-making processes across scales, there is a need for constant, efficient, effective, and real trans-disciplinary communication and collaboration.

Keywords: rice; livestock; cassava leaves; forage; greenhouse gases (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:11:p:1891-:d:116629

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