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Do post-prison job opportunities reduce recidivism?

Kevin Schnepel

IZA World of Labor, 2017, No 399, 399

Abstract: The majority of individuals released from prison face limited employment opportunities and do not successfully reintegrate into society. The inability to find stable work is often cited as a key determinant of failed re-entry (or “recidivism”). However, empirical evidence that demonstrates a causal impact of job opportunities on recidivism is sparse. In fact, several randomized evaluations of employment-focused programs find increases in employment but little impact on recidivism. Recent evidence points to wages and job quality as important determinants of recidivism among former prisoners.

Keywords: crime; recidivism; prisoner re-entry; employment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J23 J24 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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