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Do growth-promoting factors induce income inequality in a transitioning large developing economy? An empirical evidence from Indian states

Amit Nandan and Hrushikesh Mallick ()
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Hrushikesh Mallick: Centre for Development Studies (CDS)

Economic Change and Restructuring, 2022, vol. 55, issue 2, No 20, 1109-1139

Abstract: Abstract We examine the role of the enforcement of property rights, human capital formation, and the efficiency of various components of state governments' developmental expenditure on states’ economic growth and interstate income inequality. Together with private sector investment in rural areas, property rights enforcement, human capital, government expenditures on economic services, and health and education are found to have positive effects on states’ growth. We also observe that the interstate difference in the provisioning of government economic services is the leading factor in contributing to interstate income divergence in India. These findings can serve as vital technical inputs for formulating economic policies to achieve faster economic growth and mitigate regional income inequality in transitioning developing economies like India and hold greater relevance for other developing economies on their way to experiencing similar social and economic transitions.

Keywords: Public expenditure; Human capital; Private property rights; Growth; Income inequality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H4 I25 K11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s10644-021-09340-w

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