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Materials-product chains: Theory and an application to zinc and PVC gutters

Patricia Kandelaars and Jeroen van den Bergh

Environmental & Resource Economics, 1996, vol. 8, issue 1, 97-118

Abstract: A framework is presented for the analysis of economic and environmental impacts of policies applied to materials-product (MP) chains. This is based on materials flows, product flows, costs, prices and optimal management of an MP chain. The main differences compared with other studies focusing on materials flows is that here the link between products or services and materials is explicitly dealt with. The framework is developed on the basis of materials balance conditions, production functions allowing for substitution, and recycling of both materials and products. After presenting theoretical MP chain-models and analytical results, an application to the problem of choosing between zinc and PVC gutters is discussed. Here optimal MP chain management decisions are presented for various policy and strategy scenarios. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Keywords: materials balance; recycling; substitution; economic modelling; environmental policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 1996
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