Ingredients Matter: How the Human Capital of Philanthropic and Traditional Venture Capital Differs
Mariarosa Scarlata (),
Jennifer Walske () and
Andrew Zacharakis ()
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Mariarosa Scarlata: University of Surrey
Jennifer Walske: University of San Francisco
Andrew Zacharakis: Babson College
Journal of Business Ethics, 2017, vol. 145, issue 3, 623-635
Abstract Philanthropic venture capital (PhVC), like traditional venture capital (TVC), provides funding and value-added services to a portfolio of entrepreneurial firms. However, TVC differs from PhVC, as the primary goal of TVC is to maximize the economic return of its investments. In contrast, PhVC firms expect their portfolio companies to perform well in terms of both social and economic returns. Using both American and European firms, this paper explores and compares the human capital in PhVC and TVC firm founders. Our results show that there are key differences in both general and specific human capital between these firm types. While both TVC and PhVC firm founders have high levels of commercial experience, TVC firm founders tend to hold degrees in science, engineering, business, and law more frequently than PhVC firm founders. PhVC founders also differ from TVC founders by having greater work experience in the social sector.
Keywords: Firm objectives; Human capital; Philanthropic venture capital; Social enterprises; Venture capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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