Donor governance and financial management in prominent US art museums
David Yermack ()
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David Yermack: NYU Stern School of Business, and National Bureau of Economic Research
Journal of Cultural Economics, 2017, vol. 41, issue 3, 215-235
Abstract I study “donor governance,” which occurs when contributors to nonprofit firms place restrictions on their gifts to limit the discretion of managers. In a study of US art museums, I find that this practice has grown significantly in recent years, and it represents the largest source of permanent capital in the industry. When donor restrictions are strong, museums shift their cost structures away from administration and toward program services, and they exhibit very high savings rates, retaining in their endowments 45 cents of each incremental dollar donated. Retention rates are near zero for cash generated from other activities. Restricted donations appear to stabilize nonprofits and significantly influence their activities, but they reduce management flexibility and may contribute to lower profit margins. Rising donor governance in US art museums may represent a reaction by contributors to the industry’s high rates of financial distress, weak boards of trustees, and large private benefits of control enjoyed by managers.
Keywords: Nonprofit governance; Art museums; Endowment management; Restricted donations (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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