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European cultural statistics in a comparative perspective: index of economic and social condition of culture for the EU countries

Andrej Srakar (), Vesna Čopič () and Miroslav Verbič ()
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Vesna Čopič: Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana

Journal of Cultural Economics, 2018, vol. 42, issue 2, 163-199

Abstract: Abstract In the article, we present the construction of an index of economic and social condition of culture using datasets of Eurostat’s Cultural Statistics Pocketbooks from 2007 and 2011 and Eurostat’s COFOG data. The datasets allow us a broad perspective over a set of more than 200 variables in 12 domains for the EU-27 member states. Using high-dimensionally adjusted factor analysis (Metropolis–Hastings Robbins–Monro algorithm), we construct an index and determine a set of its several dimensions (as seen from the cultural statistics viewpoint). Using cluster analysis, we determine the general similarities and differences among the analysed countries and show several broadly different groupings that roughly, but not exclusively follow the divide speculated in some previous studies. The analysis therefore brings a novel and statistically developed tool to empirically follow the changes in the economic and social condition of culture from the viewpoint of cultural statistics, while the clustering of models has important consequences for empirical cultural policy and has to be verified in future studies.

Keywords: Cultural statistics; Comparative analysis; Eurostat; Composite indicators; Weighting schemes; Metropolis–Hastings Robbins–Monro algorithm (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C38 C43 Z11 Z18 H80 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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