Cash and Distressed House Sales Price Discounts: Dual Sample Selection Spatial Interdependence Approaches
Alan Tidwell (),
Andres Jauregui (),
Vivek Sah () and
Andrew Narwold ()
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Alan Tidwell: Columbus State University
Vivek Sah: University of San Diego
Andrew Narwold: University of San Diego
The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, 2018, vol. 56, issue 1, 101-139
Abstract Beginning with a hedonic price model, and then progressing to a method accounting for dual sample selectivity biases and spatial interdependence; we document (and correct for) these potential confounding biases, and produce price counterfactuals for (1) all-cash financed property, (2) distressed property, and (3) all-cash and distressed property transactions. Results provide evidence of self- selection biases with all-cash purchasers, distressed properties, and distressed and all-cash properties. Significant disparities in observed cash (−13% and −6.5%) and distressed property discounts (−1% and −6%) are documented in pre-and post-recessionary environments, Further, cash discounts are consistent for non-distressed transactions (−11%) during both periods; however cash discounts associated with non-distressed transactions are significantly reduced post-recession (−23.3% to −3.7%. This attenuation is attributed to a significant increase in the relative frequency of cash purchased distressed properties post-recession, i.e., larger percentage of cash buyers. Sub-sample counterfactual tests confirm prior results, and expand our understanding of all-cash and distressed discount determinants. These results provide insight into observed time variant all-cash, and distressed property discount affect sizes.
Keywords: Cash; Distressed; Housing; Spatial; Selectivity Bias; Residential; Self-Selection (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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