Public or private entrepreneurship? Revisiting motivations and definitions of success among academic entrepreneurs
Christopher Hayter ()
The Journal of Technology Transfer, 2015, vol. 40, issue 6, 1003-1015
The choice of university faculty to engage in academic entrepreneurship—the establishment and management of a university spinoff company—is a critical component of university economic development efforts. Replicating Hayter (J Technol Transf 36:340–352, 2011 ), this study investigates motivations and definitions of success among academic entrepreneurs, how they evolve, and why. The results show that academic entrepreneurs are motivated by a number of distinct, yet interrelated reasons and that spinoffs are viewed as a vehicle to pursue SBIR awards and consulting opportunities that can, in turn, enhance their traditional academic teaching and research responsibilities. Several academic entrepreneurs have enjoyed commercialization success yet, as a group, near-term commercialization goals and financial motivations have become relatively less important. While these findings have important implications for policy, they also signal a new conceptualization of university spinoffs as a low-growth contract research firm and provide empirical support for the emerging theory of public entrepreneurship. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015
Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Technology transfer; Economic development; Entrepreneurial motivations; 033; Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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The Journal of Technology Transfer is currently edited by Albert N. Link, Donald S. Siegel, Barry Bozeman and Simon Mosey
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