Pain shared, pain halved? Cooperation as a coping strategy for innovation barriers
Davide Antonioli (),
Alberto Marzucchi and
Maria Savona ()
The Journal of Technology Transfer, 2017, vol. 42, issue 4, 841-864
Abstract The paper analyses the relationship between the perception of barriers to innovation and the firm’s propensity to cooperate to mitigate their effect. First, we look at whether cooperation with research organizations or private firms is associated with experiencing different types of barriers, for example, financial constraints, lack of human capital or uncertain market demand. Second, we test whether experiencing several types of barriers simultaneously has a super-modular effect on the propensity to cooperate tout court, and the choice of cooperation partner. We find that having to face a single, specific constraint leads to firms ‘sharing the pain’ with cooperation partners—both research organization and other firms. However, the results of a super-modularity test show that having to cope with different barriers is a deterrent to establishing cooperation agreements, especially when firms lack finance, adequate skills and information on technology or markets. The paper adds to the innovation literature by identifying the factors associated with firms’ coping with different barriers by applying a selective cooperation strategy.
Keywords: Barriers to innovation; Innovation cooperation; Super- and sub-modularity; Firm behaviour; Innovation policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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