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University-industry R&D cooperation in Brazil: a sectoral approach

Diego R. Moraes Silva (), André T. Furtado and Nicholas S. Vonortas
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Diego R. Moraes Silva: University of Campinas
André T. Furtado: University of Campinas
Nicholas S. Vonortas: The George Washington University

The Journal of Technology Transfer, 2018, vol. 43, issue 2, 285-315

Abstract: Abstract This paper assesses determinants of university-industry R&D cooperation at the sectoral level. Our goal was to discuss the relevance of traditional hypotheses on university-industry linkages to developing countries in light of evidence from Brazil’s Innovation Survey to provide empirical support on the basis of two groups of independent variables: internal characteristics of firms (size, intramural R&D, extramural R&D, product innovativeness, process innovativeness), and external characteristics of markets and policies (economic risk, innovation cost, government funding). We find that for sectors other than the most cooperation-intensive outliers, the main determinants of university-industry collaboration are size, extramural R&D, and product innovativeness. Extramural R&D appears as the dominant determinant and seems to occur at the expense of intramural R&D, suggesting a substitution effect. When the outliers are included in the mix, the main predictors are size, intramural R&D and government funding, providing support to the absorptive capacity argument.

Keywords: University-industry linkages; R&D cooperation; Sectoral approach; Innovation Surveys; Developing countries; Brazil (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L20 O32 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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