Who is left out: exploring social boundaries in entrepreneurial ecosystems
Xaver Neumeyer (),
Susana C. Santos () and
Michael H. Morris ()
Additional contact information
Xaver Neumeyer: University of North Carolina at Wilmington
Susana C. Santos: Rowan University
Michael H. Morris: University of Florida
The Journal of Technology Transfer, 2019, vol. 44, issue 2, No 7, 462-484
Abstract This study attempts to develop our understanding of the ecosystem as a complex social construct by advancing a social network perspective. Based on personal interviews we model the entrepreneurial ecosystems of two municipalities through a diverse network of entrepreneurs, investors, and institutional leaders. The two ecosystems were characterized and compared on measures related to the level of connectivity between actors, the existence of social boundaries, the role and position of actors with certain attributes (e.g. women, minorities) and the presence of ties in multiple social contexts (e.g. friend and investor). Our results suggest that entrepreneurial ecosystems consist of different social clusters, forming boundaries along venture type (e.g. high-growth, lifestyle), type of support institution (e.g. university, government agency), gender, race, and ethnicity. High-growth/technology entrepreneurs, for example, were predominantly white, male and strongly connected to technology commercialization and acceleration programs. In contrast, entrepreneurs operating survival ventures are mainly non-white, female and often socially disconnected from the main institutions. We also found differences with respect to network connectivity between stakeholders in both ecosystems. Based on our findings, we draw managerial implications for different stakeholders of the entrepreneurial ecosystem.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial ecosystem; Social boundaries; Venture diversity; Portfolio entrepreneurship (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L26 L25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10961-018-9694-0 Abstract (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:44:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s10961-018-9694-0
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... nt/journal/10961/PS2
Access Statistics for this article
The Journal of Technology Transfer is currently edited by Albert N. Link, Donald S. Siegel, Barry Bozeman and Simon Mosey
More articles in The Journal of Technology Transfer from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().